Alopecia areata is a form of non-scarring alopecia of autoimmune origin. Hair loss always occurs in a localized area of the body.
The size is generally small and round. In the affected area the skin looks normal, it is not inflamed or reddened, there are no scales either.
Evolution is unpredictable. Sometimes hair grows back by itself.
In cases where alopecia areata appears associated with celiac disease, treatment with a gluten-free diet usually allows for complete and permanent recovery, with hair growth lost.
The most frequent treatments are topical, such as minoxidil solutions to 2% or 5%, corticosteroid creams or shampoos.
The most effective treatment at present is the Laser treatment, which is attributed to the normalization of the immune response.
Alopecia areata has a autoimmune originThat is, the body's own defenses attack the root of the hair producing an inflammation that causes it to fall out and not grow again until the inflammation stops.
Stress can be a trigger for this inflammatory reaction. In Alopecia Areata, T cells attack the hair follicle.
A dense population of Lymphocytes infiltrate and produce antigenic activity, this mechanism being very similar to what happens in psoriasis.
Both in Psoriasis and Alopecia Areata T-cell mediated immune disorder occurs. As in Psoriasis, the Ultraviolet action of the Laser Pallas 311 nm short-band UVB produces an immunomodulatory effect, inducing apoptosis of T cells.
Hoogstra Medical Centers Caballito branch introduces
PALLAS the first solid state laser approved by the European community and by the FDA for the vitiligo treatment, psoriasis, atopic dermatitis and leukoderma.
Pallas is the first 311nm UV-B solid state, Ti: Sapphire switched laser.
Cost of laser treatment for alopecia areata
The cost of the treatment is $3000 per session. The treatment is carried out by our dermatologist team in our medical center Caballito
Doubts and queries
If you have any medical questions, send an email to [email protected] . In this mail Only medical consultations will be received. Inquiries about shifts, payments and administrative issues are not attended.
By phone on Monday, Thursday and Friday from 8 a.m. to 3 p.m. at the following telephone numbers.
- 0054 11 4 901 6690
- 0054 11 4 904 3434
- 0054 11 4 904 0880
- Messenger, AG, McKillop, J., Farrant, P., McDonagh, AJ, Sladden, M., Hughes, J., ... & Swale, VJ (2012). British Association of Dermatologists' guidelines for the management of alopecia areata 2012. British journal of dermatology, 166(5), 916-926.
- Darwin, E., Arora, H., Hirt, PA, Wikramanayake, TC, & Jimenez, JJ (2018). A review of monochromatic light devices for the treatment of alopecia areata. Lasers in medical science, 33(2), 435-444.
- Bae, JM, Lee, JH, Jung, YS, & Kim, GM (2017). The efficacy of a gain-switched 311-nm Titanium: Sapphire laser in the treatment of vitiligo: a pilot study of 14 Patients. JAMA dermatology, 153(10), 1055-1056.