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Skin conditions related to HIV infection.

Patients with human immunodeficiency virus. infection (HIV) are prone to a variety of skin problems due to their acquired immunodeficiency. These can be seen only in HIV-infected people or they can be common conditions in the general population.

Viral infections
  • Eruption associate with acute human immunodeficiency virus infection syndrome
  • Herpes simplex (often severe and prolonged)

  • Varicella zoster (may be recurrent)

  • Molluscum contagiosum
  • Human papilloma virus
  • Oral hairy leukoplakia due to Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)

Fungal infections
  • Ringworm (all forms)

  • Blastomycosis
  • Candidiasis (can spread to involve esophagus)

  • Cryptococcosis
  • Histoplasmosis
  • Pityrosporum folliculitis
  • Pityriasis versicolor
  • Systemic fungal infection
  • Pneumocystosis (previously classified as protozoa)

Bacterial infections
  • Streptococcal infection cellulitis

  • Ecthyma, impetigo, staphylococcal folliculitis

  • Bacillary angiomatosis
  • Syphilis (genital ulcers increase the possibility of HIV transmission)

  • Boneless keratolysis
  • Atypical mycobacteria
Parasitic infection
  • Leishmaniasis
  • Strongyloidiasis
  • Acanthamebiasis
Arthropod infestations / ectoparasites
  • Insect bites
  • Scabies
  • Demodicosis
Inflammatory terms
  • Seborrheic dermatitis
  • Psoriasis (new onset and severe forms, including pustular psoriasis and erythroderma)

  • Eczema
  • Pruritus papular eruption HIV
  • Eosinophilic folliculitis
  • Mucinosis
  • Granuloma cancel
  • Inflammatory immune reconstitution syndrome
Malignant tumors
  • Kaposi sarcoma
  • Cutaneous Cell B lymphoma and cutaneous T cell lymphoma
  • Skin Cancer even melanoma, scaly cell carcinoma, basal cell carcinoma and anal carcinoma

Other skin problems
  • Malnutrition
  • Adverse effects of drugs, including lipodystrophy
    (e.g, morbilliform rashes, lipodystrophy and xanthomas from antiretroviral therapy)
  • Ichthyosis
  • Aphthous ulcers
  • Photosensitivity reactions including porphyria cutaneous late and chronic actinic dermatitis
  • Cutaneous vasculitis